How to Format a Research Paper

In the research work, it is important to show your ability to analyze information, come to logical conclusions, and structure the presentation of thoughts. This research gives you the opportunity to apply scientific approaches to your research, which will lead to a certain result. The student here demonstrates his independence, the ability to work, and filter out unnecessary information from the necessary.

1. Title page

In the research paper format, this is what catches the eye first. Usually, Chicago is not used for cover pages. Retreat from the edges of the page to the left and top in the amount of one inch due to APA and MLA format. Here you need to indicate your name and the name of your supervisor. If you are writing work under the guidance of several educators, then list them all. Next, in a separate line with a double interval of retreat, write on what course you are currently studying and the date. Go to a new line again and stick to the double spacing. Here you will need to write the title of your work. Do not forget that it should be centered, but NOT highlighted in italics, bold, other colors, quotation marks, all uppercase letters, or underlining.

In Chicago, you don’t need either a specific font or size, the main thing is that it is convenient to read (often used 12 pt., Times New Roman). The text should be less than 1 inch from the edges on all sides. Each paragraph begins after 0.5 inches from the text above, and the text itself should be at intervals of 2 spaces. Align the text to the left (here the first field will be uneven because the general “alignment” is not used).






11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode, 12-point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia, or 10-point Computer Modern1

12-point Times New Roman

Times or Times New Roman 12 p


1-in. on all sides

1-in. on all sides

1-in. on all sides





Check the templates

APA Format

MLA Format

Chicago Format

2. Text formatting

Often for text, teachers ask to use the most readable font (this does not have to be Times New Roman, but they usually ask for it). It should look beautiful and be in a standard size of 12 (although you may be asked for 14). Disable all automatic writing functions in the document when you write your research because you do not need to stretch, tear out, and automatically wrap the words on another line. This will all be fixed at the end of the work. Do not feel ashamed when asking for someone to write your research paper. We all need help sometimes. But when writing it yourself, do not forget to also use quotes, links, lists, etc. that will increase the amount of your work. Moreover, references to other sources indicate a broad study of the issue. The first line of the paragraph should be half an inch from the left margin. Indentation fees are also an inch indent due to MLA research paper format. After each punctuation mark makes space and only then continue to write the next word. After the header, use double spacing again and start writing the work on a new line. To do this, use the indented half an inch from the left margin in the first line of the paragraph.

3. Page Numbering

It would seem that you just need to number each page, but there are certain rules for this. The numbers should be in the upper right corner of each page with a half-inch offset from the edges, due to APA research paper formats. Be sure to write your last name and put a space in front of the page number if your paper is in MLA format. Avoid any characters before the page number and after the last name (dots, commas, dashes, or other meanings) and do not use abbreviations of the last name. Consult your teacher, and maybe he will tell you not to indicate the name on the pages near the numbering. In Chicago, you have two options for placing page numbers. The first is in the upper right corner and the second in the lower center of the page.

4. List of quotes

At the end of the pages, after the footnotes, you need to select a separate page for the citations used. There should also be a numbering, and the beginning of the quotation page should start from a new sheet. Remember that each style has its own rules of reference page formatting. Do not forget about the importance of page numbering, because footnotes and other materials that you will indicate in work (for example, questionnaires in the work of sociologists) must be numbered. The heading of the quotation page should also be centered and with a 1-inch deviation from the top. Use double-space between the first record and the title.  If your quote is large and takes more than 1 line, then for the second, third, and next (if any) lines, digress from the left side of the page in the size of half an inch. Double-space should be used between each quote. Usually, Chicago is used to design pages with quotes, tables, used literature, and additions.

Reference Examples


MLA Reference Example

Chicago Reference Example

5. Tables and Illustrations

You should add illustrations and signs as close as possible to the text to which they relate. Tables are indicated by the same word and with a number. All labels and headings should be indicated on the left and in separate lines above the table. You should not use capital letters or extra punctuation marks there. The source of the table or illustration should be indicated under the table in the signature.