In any kind of learning environment, effective teachers contribute a lot when it comes to student achievement. Therefore, most schools and learning institutions tend to equip their teaching staff with all the necessities in order to provide their learners with quality education. But how do you ensure the teacher delivers quality education in the classroom as expected? Or, how do you ensure the education system is better designed to impact positively on the learners? Well, the simple answer lies in teacher Evaluation.
What is Teacher Evaluation?
Teacher Evaluation can be defined as a process of assessing and rating the teaching effectiveness and efficiency of learners. In the contemporary world, teaching evaluation has become a common procedure in most educational institutions. The Teacher Evaluation usually aims at improving learning experience among students. On the flip side, Teacher Evaluation also helps teachers to realize faster and effective professional growth in their teaching careers. Usually, the evaluation can be done either by a college/school administration or any other external professional body. The process is not only critical but also useful and productive. For instance, it helps provide feedback that aids in the school’s decision making.
How Teacher Evaluation work
Unlike the traditional Teacher Evaluation that majorly focused on classroom assessment, modern evaluations are more complex and effective. In other words, there are several factors considered when conducting the modern Teacher Evaluation. Other than being a periodic practice, Teacher Evaluation use charlotte Danielson’s framework of teaching to realize its purpose. However, it’s important to note that the mode of evaluation varies from states and districts.
Traditionally, school administrators could test the score of students to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of teachers. However, this method of Teacher Evaluation was found to be ineffective due to a number of reasons. The principles found it difficult to rate their teachers accurately due to the strong bonds and personal relationships between them. This called for a more sophisticated Teacher Evaluation approach that involves the use of statistical techniques. The following are some of the new models used to conduct meaningful Teacher Evaluation.
Teacher Evaluation Models
Value-Added Model (VAM)
The Value-added model is a more accurate method of Teacher Evaluation as it filters out baseness. It aims at measuring a specific contribution a teacher makes towards the learning progress of their students. With this, you can always reach an estimate of how much each teacher contributes towards student learning.
Value-Added Model works by comparing the student’s previous results with the current while taking into account the student’s background. With such a comparison at hand, the model can estimate the student’s future results by calculating the average differences between actual and predicted results. If the student scores below the prediction, then the teacher’s approach can be considered ineffective, and the reverse is true.
In as much as it’s outdated, some individuals still practice this model of Teacher Evaluation. Here, the school administrator’s listens to individual teachers to handle their respective classroom. During the process, the following factors are often considered:
- The type of learning atmosphere necessitated by the teacher
- The learning content prepared by the teacher
- Teaching and learning aids
- Level of engagement
The teacher observation model helps the administrators to be aware of the teaching processes deployed by their staff.
The framework model
The framework of the Teaching Model (FTM) was first developed by Charlotte Danielson in 1996. The model covers the essential responsibilities of teachers, such as how they plan for lessons, how they act in a classroom environment, how they provide instructions to learners, and how they perform their responsibilities. This model helps in providing a better view of teaching methods hence creating room for skill improvement.
Marzano Art and Science of the Teaching model
This teaching evaluation model was developed in 2017. The model aims at assessing four different teaching competencies, such as standard-based planning, learning, and their conditions and professional responsibilities. The Marzano model also focuses on the teaching atmosphere and how it makes learning effective. One thing that makes this model unique is that it aims at providing in-person training.
Benefits of Teacher Evaluation
Teacher Evaluation is a vital component of effective learning. In states or countries, you’ll find the process is governed by legal rules just to maintain its efficacy. Therefore, the following are some of the benefits associated with Teacher Evaluation:
- Improves teachers professionalism
After teachers are evaluated, they are often given feedback from time to time. This feedbacks reassures them of their past performance, as well as their strengths and weaknesses. As such, this provides them with the opportunity to learn from their weaknesses and to improve on them for the future good. Regular updates of a teacher’s performance can make them improve in their service delivery hence professional growth.
- Helps maintain teacher’s records
Carrying out a regular Teacher Evaluation helps maintain a teacher’s record. This is because the teachers are made aware of their weaknesses each time the assessment feedbacks are given. Therefore, they will constantly work on improving their teaching standards.
- Helps spot unproductivity or low performance
Since teachers are evaluated on various criteria, the evaluators are always in a better position of highlighting any unproductivity or low performance by teachers. Therefore, the school principals, alongside other senior staff, can decide to let go of such underperformers and replace them with effective and efficient ones.
- Helps in making awards or promotional initiatives
The information received from Teacher Evaluations can be useful when making critical decisions within a school or college. For instance, the school/college administration can use the evaluation feedbacks to perform promotion or issue out rewards.
- Helps maintain job descriptions
If Teacher Evaluation is done regularly, it helps the administration in easier maintenance of job descriptions as well as faculty members.
- Provides necessary facility
Through regular teacher evaluations, the administration becomes aware of the available resources and learning facilities. At the same time, the administration is made to provide additional facilities in places where one lacks so as to facilitate the quality provision of education.