While writing a paper or doing an assignment, any information you derive from a source whether the information is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized must be cited and referenced. If the words you use aren’t your own, you must always give the credit to the original author.
There are a number of referencing styles that can be followed. Harvard style referencing is a widely used style of referencing when it comes to coursework writing. This article is a Harvard referencing guide that tells you the basics of this referencing style.
Citing sources correctly is not an easy but definitely a time-consuming task. It becomes even more difficult when you have other assignments due except your coursework writing. Don’t forget that there is always an option to get professional help from coursework writing service UK. There are plenty of coursework writing services where experienced writers can help students with their coursework formatting. They ensure quality writing in minimal charge and time.
The Harvard referencing style uses the Author-Date system for in-text citations which has the following two components:
1. In-text citation:
In-text citation exists within the main body of the writing. It comprises the authors’ last name and the year of publication. If the author is unidentified, the title and date are used. It gives a brief overview of the sources’ author, date, and page number.
Creating in-text citation:
- Provide the author’s family name, or the corporate authors’ name in case an individual name is not provided.
- Provide the year the source was published in.
- Provide the page number of the information you have quoted, paraphrased, or summarized (if it’s required).
E.g. The fact was evident (Kirby, 1999, p. 74)
2. Reference list
A reference list of your course work is enlisted on a separate page at the end of the paper. It comprises details of all in-text citations. The reference list in Harvard referencing gives elaborated details of the source which makes it easy for the reader to search for the information. Properly cited resources can also help students to avoid plagiarism. The reference list is arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the authors of each work. References that do not contain the authors’ names are arranged in alphabetical order by the first notable word of the title.
Citing a book:
When citing the book with one author, you should include the following information:
Family name, initial of author’s name. (year of publication). Book title. nth edition*. place of publication: publisher
*Do not include the edition, if it’s the first one
Citing a website:
There are two types of structures when it comes to website citing. The first one is:
Family name, initial of author’s name. (year of publication/last update). Page title. [online]. Name of the website. Available at: URL [Accessed day month year]
If the author is not indicated, you should use this structure:
The name of the website, (year of publication/last update). Page title. [online]. Available at: URL [Accessed day month year]
Citing a journal article:
Include the following information when citing the print journal article (with two Authors):
Family name, initial of author’s name(1). , family name, initials of author’s name (2). (year of publication). Title of the article. Journal Title, volume number (number of issues), page number
Citing a newspaper article:
When citing a newspaper article, include the following components:
Family name, initial of author’s name. (year of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Newspaper. day and month, page number
Citing a report
Family name, initial of author’s name, or corporate author. (year of publication). Title of the report. [online] City published: Publisher, pages used. Available at URL [Accessed day month year]